Vaniyambadi was one of the Bara Mahal district towns. Bara Mahal were the twelve small fiefdoms ruled by twelve chieftains. The land was covered by jungle and dry land. The Atheetheswara temple at old Vaniyambadi signifies how old this town is. The famous Chola king Rajendra I, in 1390, had gifted some sheep to this temple to keep the lamp burning perpetually to Lord Virundinevar in this temple. This information is inscribed on the northern wall of the above temple. From the last quarter of the 13th century to the first half of the 14th century, Kongunadu was ruled by three distinct powers – the Pandias, the Hoyasalas, and the Cheras. Vaniyambadi was a part of Kongunadu.
Vaniyambadi is a town and a municipality, part of Vellore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has a sizeable Muslim population. People here speak Urdu language along with Tamil. Leather tanning is the major industry here. Agriculture especially Coconut plantation is the other major source of livelihood.